Combined Media Statement on behalf of the following organisations re:
Family Law Amendment (Family Violence) Bill 2010.
- Family Law Reform Association (NSW)
- Lone Fathers Association Australia Inc.
- Parents without Partners Australia Inc.
- Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)
- Fairness in Child Support
- Shared Parenting Council of Australia
The proposed amendments to the Family Law Act are a source of deep concern and dismay to our members and to the many thousands who have sought greater equity and justice in parenting orders made by The Family Courts.
Since the introduction of the 2006 reforms giving greater emphasis on shared parental responsibility, doctrinaire feminists, academic ideologues and others with entrenched positions associated with the Family Law system, have been working to overturn them. Now, under the guise of dealing with family violence, the current governments proposed amendments will effectively sabotage the success of shared parenting responsibility under Family Law.
The proposed amendments will make it much easier to postpone, minimise or terminate parental contact by an allegation of some form of family violence.
It is worth noting that a major architect of the proposed reforms preferred a legal presumption that family violence existed in all cases before The Court. Whilst this extremist view has rightly been rejected, the combination of proposed provisions outlined below will come close to achieving the same effect.
In essence, the proposed amendments (AG web site - Family Violence Bill) contain the following provisions:-
- The Court, in every case before it, will be required to pro-actively inquire i.e. invite the parties to make allegations of family violence against each other. This is additional to similar obligations on the partys legal representatives (refer page 5, item 9, subsection 12E(3) and page 11, item 32 "before paragraph 69ZQ(1)(aa)").
- The definition of family violence will not be restricted to physical or mental abuse but will be completely open ended. It will include any behaviour a party claims makes them feel threatened irrespective of whether that behaviour causes harm, or to feel unsafe. Such fears need not be reasonable but instead are to be totally subjective, based only on the complainants claimed state of mind. The normal legal standard of the reasonable person test will not apply. Thus, it will be almost impossible for an accused to refute such claims (refer page 3, item 3, subsection 4(1)).
- The Family Court does not have criminal penalties for perjury despite false testimony having the potential to create enormous wrongs, injustice and damage. Partly because of this, the Family Court is notorious as "The Liar's Castle". The Courts reputation will be further damaged by the proposed provision to dispense with the existing meagre sanctions for those knowingly making false allegations or statements in proceedings. This can only give encouragement to make such allegations or statements. When added to the other proposed provisions it creates a toxic legal cocktail. (refer page 12, item 37, Section 117AB).
- The dangers outlined above are further exacerbated by the removal of the "friendly parent provisions". This will prohibit the Court from giving consideration to the extent the parents have fulfilled their obligation to encourage a healthy relationship between the children and the other parent. The Court should not be placed in this legislative "straightjacket". It is vital that The Court is able to examine all the issues central to the welfare of the child rather than having to operate wearing legislative "blinkers". Given that the parties before The Court are in dispute, standard legal principles require the Court be able to investigate all issues directly relevant to the merit or otherwise of the parties. Any attempt to fetter a Court of Law in its relevant enquiries is generally condemned by the legal fraternity. Again, this provision reveals a diminished view of the importance of maintaining a healthy relationship between both parents and the child and exposes the true intent of the amendments. (refer page 7, items 18,19 and 20. Section 60CC and refer page 10. items 25 and 26 (Note 1)).
Effects of the amendments
Inevitably and predictably, the amendments will encourage a sharp increase in totally false or grossly exaggerated allegations by one parent against the other in cases before The Family Court. Far from diminishing actual family violence, the following likely outcomes will only increase the risk.
- Greatly increase the workload of The Court and other organisations as a plethora of claims are investigated and assessed.<p>
- Greatly increase the time and cost in settling cases creating a lawyers bonanza whilst increasing stress and frustration to the parties.
- Greatly increase the cost to the taxpayer of operating the Family Court and its associated agencies and the cost to the community as a whole of increased friction and more protracted Family Court cases.
- Increase the demand on limited government funded legal aid.
- Greatly increase the demand for supervised contact centres, already overburdened, costly and unavailable to most parents desperately needing such a service.
- Greatly increase the number of children whose relationship and contact with their non resident parent is terminated, postponed, reduced or otherwise curtailed due to false or grossly exaggerated claims of family violence.
- Greatly increase the amount of friction between the parties as one or both take advantage of systems multiple invitations to make allegations of family violence against the other.
- Hamper the Courts ability to identify real and acutely dangerous situations as it is diverted with vexatious, false or grossly exaggerated allegations.
- Greatly increase the potential for actual violence between parties where previously there would have been little or none. This will occur as non resident parents find the system has stacked all the cards against them, dramatically affecting their contact and relationship with the children and all the associated consequences.
- Greatly increase the level of suicide and deterioration of mental health for non resident parents (typically the male). Respected studies have shown that separated males are six (6) times more likely to suicide than attached males. Further, this rate was even higher amongst younger males (thus more likely to have younger children ). Moreover, the highest rates occurred during the divorce phase.
Without the normal legal protections, the chances of success for the vexatious, manipulative, inflexible, vindictive, dishonest, or mentally unbalanced parent will be greatly increased.
Parents with these and similar attributes will readily take advantage of the free kick being offered by the proposed amendments. This parent will then become the primary or sole parental role model for the children.
Faced with the prohibitive cost of pursuing a right of contact, and the associated psychological stress, many non resident parents will simply withdraw, leading to a great increase in the numbers of the family law stolen generation children wrongfully alienated from a non resident parent (typically the father). This will amplify the well documented higher rates of negative outcomes for children brought up in fatherless environments
Impact on legal principles
The proposed amendments have provisions which are unmatched in any other area of law. We believe they offend several basic legal principles:
a) The ambiguity and lack of certainty in the new, unlimited and subjective definition of family violence.
b) The presumption of guilt unless an allegation of family violence can be disproved which will be frustrated by the subjective test for family violence.
c ) The proposed amendments will force the judge to ignore the standard legal test of the reasonable person.
d) The restrictions on the courts ability to investigate the merit of the parties.
e) The lack of any real sanction from knowingly making false allegations and statements in the proceedings.
f) The court making proactive inquiry into the single issue of family violence tantamount to inviting the parties to make an allegation and additional to similar obligations on the parties legal representatives.
Lack of objective research
Although the amendments are claimed to be supported and underpinned by various academic studies etc, such studies are only valid if they are objectively conducted with an open mind and from a non ideological platform. We have seen no reliable statistics or studies which show:
a) Any significant upsurge in actual family violence, supported by police and medical records since the introduction of the 2006 Family Law reforms and which can be reasonably attributed to the 2006 reforms.
b) Any explanation of how an inevitable increase in tensions, legal costs, case time and demands on limited resources will reduce family violence.
c) Any explanation of how an inevitable increase in the number of cases where parent child contact is unjustly affected, will reduce family violence.
d) Any studies on the affect on children of curtailing contact with a parent who has had a caring, loving relationship with the child but has been subjected to allegations by the other parent.
e) Any studies on the impact on suicide rates and other mental issues in non contact parents, unjustly denied contact with their children.
Based on our research and experience, we maintain that the 2006 reforms have worked well and sensibly in encouraging shared parental responsibility while at the same time providing appropriate protective measures for adults and children against family violence. The evil in the amendments is to encourage a presumption that family violence and abuse of children customarily exist in contested matters before the Court. We also believe the amendments are an underhand means of sabotaging the 2006 reforms under the guise of preventing family violence. We will vigorously oppose the amendments and, if enacted, we will call on our organisations to make their repeal an issue at a federal election."
18th March, 2011
Coordinator of the Media Release:
Contact: Brian Fisher (Family Law Reform Association).
Mobile number: 0418 649 026.
Family Law Reform Association
Contact: Coral Slattery.
Mobile number: 0402 021 438.
Lone Fathers Association Association of Australia
and Parents Without Partners Australia Inc.
Contact: Barry Williams.
Mobile: 0417 668802
Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)
Contact: John Flanagan.
Position: Deputy Registered Officer.
Mobile: 0415 899 574.
Fairness In Child Support (Wollongong)
Contact: John Flanagan.
Position: Assistant Secretary.
Mobile: 0415 899 574.
Shared Parenting Council of Australia
Position: President, Shared Parenting Council of Australia.
Mobile: 0422 269 200.
Position Executive Secretary, Shared Parenting Council of Australia.
Mobile: 0411 850 677.
Position: Director, Shared Parenting Council of Australia.
Mobile number: 0409 917 345.
Secretary Shared Parenting Council of Australia saidThere are a number of valid concerns raised in the media release relating to the new definitions and the removal of some key provisions of the Act.
Those provisions that are targeted for amendment or removal are instrumental in a couple of key areas. Firstly they give weight to the responsibility that parents have after separating to ensure the child has the opportunity to know and be cared for the other other parent. The willingness and extent to which one parent has facilitated the child having a relationship with the other parent is taken into account in determining the best interests of the child and, ultimately, orders dealing with parenting arrangements and parental responsibility. Any watering down of this provision in 60CC (60CC(3)( c ) and subsections 60CC(4) and (4A)) would undermine the core principle.
The brunt of the increased work that will permeate local courts and arising from allegations of violence, will fall to the Magistrates who already hold full court sessions on AVO day. It is unreasonable to expect an already burgeoning court to take on matters of allegations and or determine family contact matters in just the few minutes that the parties are given to appear. Many of these allegations are vexatious, made by applicants in family matters and you only have to discuss this issue with the registry at a local court to see what sort of leverage parties to family courts matters and separating parents believe they have by way of a successful AVO or ADVO order. There was some discussion around decoupling the ADVO and AVO linkage from the Families Court because many cases have a belief that an ADVO or AVO will give some advantage. Fortunately that appears to be a misguided perception by some groups, who are advising separating parents. In practice the Federal Magistrates and Family Courts look closely at all matters surrounding a case.
The fundamental question needs to be asked if there is real and on going violence or is this a storm in a teacup, a heated argument in the turmoil of initial separation where one parent has withdrawn the children, relocated or stopped contact. The SPCA is opposed to proven and real violence that is on going and likely to result in harm to families and partners. We support efforts to reduce violence. Changing the Act to widely increase the definition of family violence will do nothing to reduce real, on the ground violent behaviours.
The problem with a number of the proposed changes is that they set up, in the publics view, an expectation that family violence is the norm. This is far from the truth as many cases settle before final hearing with some judicial intervention early on.
Reforms that move further to a presumption that the starting point when parents separated was equal time or an apportionment of time up to equal time that could be adequately accommodated by the requesting parent is still on the agenda
Proposed definition of Family Violence
family violence means behaviour by a person (the first person) towards a member of the persons family (the second person) that:
(a) causes death or personal injury; or
(b) is an assault; or
(c ) is a sexual assault, or another form of sexually coercive behaviour; or
(d) torments, intimidates or harasses the second person, including (for example) where that effect on the second person is caused by:
(i) repeated derogatory taunts, including racial taunts; or
(ii) intentionally causing damage to, or destruction of, property; or
(iii) intentionally causing death or injury to an animal; or
(e) controls, dominates, deceives or coerces the second person unreasonably, including (for example) where that effect on the second person is caused by:
(i) denying the second person the financial autonomy that he or she would have had but for the conduct; or
(ii) withholding financial support, if the second person is entirely or predominantly dependent on the first person for financial support to meet his or her, or his or her childs, reasonable living expenses; or
(iii) preventing the second person from making or keeping connections with his or her family, friends or culture; or
(iv) unlawfully depriving the second person, or any member of the second persons family, of their liberty; or
(f) causes the second person to feel fear for his or her safety or for the safety of another person; or
(g) causes the second person to feel threatened (whether because of a threat to engage in conduct that would be covered by any of paragraphs (a) to (f), or for any other reason); or
(h) involves the first person threatening to commit suicide or self-harm, with the intention of tormenting or intimidating the second person.
Note: None of the paragraphs of this definition is intended to limit any of the other paragraphs, and a particular incident of conduct may be covered by 2 or more of the paragraphs.